January garden calendar

Here are a few ideas shared by K-State Extension Master Gardeners to consider.

Vegetables and Fruits

Pick up and discard fallen fruit before spring arrives.

As nursery catalogs begin to arrive, look for plants with improved insect and disease resistance.

Order fruit trees.


Peruse seed catalogs and prepare your seed order.

Things you can start: For spring flowers, get unplanted spring bulbs in the ground as soon as possible.

Water fall planted perennials to prevent dry soil conditions.

Watch for signs of frost heaving and cover tender roots.

Replace mulch layers.

Check bulbs in storage for rot and decay. Discard damaged ones.


Avoid walking on frozen lawns. It may injure the grass.

Rake fallen leaves that pile up on the lawn to prevent suffocation of grass.

Scatter snow instead of piling it up on the lawn next to drives and walks.

Trees and Shrubs

Snow and ice on limbs:

Gently brush heavy snow from tree and shrub limbs to reduce damage.

Allow ice to melt naturally from limbs. Do not use water to melt the ice or attempt to knock it off.


Prune storm damaged limbs quickly to reduce damage and prevent tearing of the bark.

Bring twigs of flowering trees and shrubs indoors to force blossoms.

Water fall planted trees and shrubs when soil is dry but not frozen.

Watch out for rabbit damage to the bark of trees and shrubs.


Clean and repair garden tools during the winter.

Sand and seal tool handles to prevent splinters. Apply brightly colored paint to handles. It makes them easier to spot in the garden.

Keep bird feeders and water supplies filled for the feathered friends.

Pesticide use training

As farmers think of the 2018 growing season, producers should be aware that dicamba herbicides Engenia, FeXapan, and XtendiMax have been reclassified as Restricted Use Pesticides. In order to purchase and apply these herbicides, you must be certified as a private or commercial pesticide applicator. In addition, anyone planning to apply these herbicides this coming season will be required to attend dicamba or auxin specific applicator training. In Kansas, these trainings will be sponsored by K-State Research and Extension, as well as industry representatives from BASF, Dow/Dupont, and Monsanto. It will be the responsibility of the applicators to obtain this training before the application of these herbicides. One upcoming training sponsored by Extension will be Feb. 7 in Nortonville at the Knights of Columbus Hall. We’ll begin at 10 a.m. with training, have lunch and have a short presentation on Farm Data Management. Contact the Extension Office to get registered.

The purpose of these trainings is to cover the label changes and application requirements in detail and provide information on what you, as an applicator, need to do to meet these requirements. The labels for these herbicides include mandatory record keeping requirements, modified wind speed restrictions (3-10 miles per hour only), limited times of day that applications can be made (between sunrise and sunset), a revised list of sensitive crops and sensitive sites, buffer zone requirements, and revised sprayer cleaning procedures and documentation.

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